In February 2019, India was agitated with its bordering neighbor, Pakistan, after the deaths Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) personnel because of Jaish-e-Mohammed attack in Pulwama. The Pulwama bombing is one of the deadliest terror assaults in Jammu and Kashmir. It was learned from various sources after this terror attack, the tension between these two countries increased. As a response, India conducted Balakot airstrike in the early morning hrs of Feb 26, 2019. India also has prepared its many frontline missiles in case of more significant retaliation from an aggressive neighbor Pakistan.
With the rise in the tensions between India and Pakistan, comparative analysis of military strengths of these two countries become the piece of discussions. So here in this blog, we will be comparing the missile warfare capabilities of both countries.
When we talk about the battle on the ground, Indian soldiers comes among the best soldiers in the world. In 2019, China had the most significant active-duty military force in the world, with about 2.18 million active military personnel. India, the United States, North Korea, and Russia rounded out the top five countries with the most massive active-duty military forces.
Comparison of Defense Budget
In 2018, India spent $58 billion, which is 2.1 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP), to support its 1.4 million active troops, according to the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS).
Last year, Pakistan spent 1.26 trillion Pakistani rupees ($11billion), about 3.6 percent of its GDP, on its 653,800 troops. It also received $100m in foreign military assistance in 2018. Let’s have a look at the defense budget of the year 2019-20 of both countries by the comparative depiction.
Comparison Of Missiles
DRDO is responsible for the military’s research and development. Prithvi was the first missile built by India.
BrahMos, the world’s fastest cruise missile is developed jointly by India & Russia and named after two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India and the Moskva of Russia. Agni-V is India’s longest-range missile to carry a nuclear warhead.”K” missiles are faster, lighter and stealthier and named after Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
Surface To Surface Missiles
A ballistic missile (rocket) follows a ballistic trajectory to deliver one or more warheads to a predetermined target. These missiles used for the brief duration just in starting phase of trajectory and the rest of the path is like a free-falling projectile at the gravitational force.
- Agni-I: Medium-range ballistic missile (MRBM) used for range 700-1250 km.
- Agni-II: Intermediate-range ballistic missile(IRBM) used for range 2,000–3,000 km.
- Agni-III: IRBM used for range 3,500 km – 5,000 km.
- Agni-IV: IRBM used for range 3,000 km – 4,000 km.
- Agni-V : Intercontinental ballistic missile(ICBM) used for range 5000 – 8000Km
- Agni-VI: Four-stage intercontinental ballistic missile used for range 8,000-12,000 km.
- Prithvi III: Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) used for range 350-600 km.
- Shaurya: Medium Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) used for range 750 to 1,900 km
- Prahaar(Pragati): Short Range Ballistic Missile(Tactical) used up to 150 km.
Surface To Air Missiles
- Akash: Medium Range missile used for 700-1,250 km.
- Barak 8: Long Range Missile used for 2,000-3,000km.
- Trishul: Short Range Missile used for 3,500-5,000km.
- PAD: Ballistic missile Interceptor used for 3,000-4,000km.
Air To Air Missiles
- Astra: This missile is active radar homing beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile (BVRAAM) for a range of 60-80km.
- K-100: Medium Range missile for a range of 300-400km.
- MICA: Air to Air missile.
- Prithvi Air Defence (PAD): Used for heights up to 80 km.
- Advanced Air Defence (AAD): Used up to 30 km.
- Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV): Used for heights up to 120km.
All the three mentioned above are Exo Anti Ballistic Missiles.
The cruise missile is a guided missile that is used against terrestrial targets that remain in the atmosphere and flies the significant portion of its flight path at an approximately constant speed. These missiles are self-navigating and operate at extremely low altitudes to avoid being caught by radars. These missiles are designed to deliver a large warhead over long distances with high accuracy.
- Nirbhay: Ship, submarine, aircraft, land-Subsonic cruise missile used for 1000-1,500km
- BrahMos: Fastest Cruise Missile in the world used up to 290km.
- BrahMos II: Hypersonic cruise missile used for 300km.
- BrahMos-A: Air launched Cruise Missile
- BrahMos-M: A smaller variant of the air-launched BrahMos used beyond 290 km.
Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles
- Sagarika(K-15): 700-1,900 km range
- K-4: 3,500-5,000 km range
- K-5: 6,000km
- Nag: Anti-tank Guided Missile of range 4km.
- Helina: Anti-tank Guided Missile of range 7-8km.
- Ashwin: Ballistic Missile interceptor, ranged for more than 150km.
Currently, Imran Ahmed Khan is the Prime Minister of Pakistan and the chairman of the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf. Pakistan’s Missile program is quickly advancing, accomplishing more remarkable precision, payload limit, and range. Both their ballistic and voyage rocket projects have profited by outside help. Besides, Pakistan is turning into a vender of rockets and rocket innovation while staying outside the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
Pakistan uses its ballistic and cruise missile programs as the crucial master plan to deliver nuclear weapons. Pakistan considers its nuclear weapons as national “crown jewels” and likely holds missile delivery systems in similar regard. Pakistan still depends on foreign partners to acquire and develop missile technology.
Pakistan has a wide assortment of conveyed ballistic rockets, going from strategic war zone weapons to medium-go ballistic frameworks with the capacity to hit any target in India. Pakistan uses three tiers of ballistic missiles: battlefield short-range ballistic missiles (BSRBMs), short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM), and medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs).
- Ababeel: Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) of range 2,200 km
- Exocet: Anti-Ship Cruise Missile for range 40-180km.
- Hatf 2 “Abdali”: Short Range Ballistic Missile(SRBM) for range 180-200 km.
- Shaheen 3: Medium-Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM) for range 2,750 km.
- Hatf 9 “Nasr”: Short Range Ballistic Missile(SRBM) for range 60 km
- Hatf 8 “Ra’ad”: Cruise Missile for range 350 km.
- Hatf 7 “Babur”: Cruise Missile for range 350-700 km
- Hatf 6 “Shaheen 2”: Medium Range Ballistic Missile for range 1,500-2,000 km.
- Hatf 5 “Ghauri” : Medium-Range Ballistic Missile for range1,250 – 1,500 km
- Hatf 4 “Shaheen 1”: Short Range Ballistic Missile of 750 km.
- Hatf 3 “Ghaznavi”: Short Range Ballistic Missile of 290 km.
- Hatf 1: Short Range Ballistic Missile for range 70 -100 km.
Let’s have a quick look at the comparative analysis of missile the technology of both countries given below.
So here is the end of the post, now you are smart enough to decide whether India or Pakistan will win this missile battle. We can only say that this conclusion can be drawn only on the battlefield.
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