The Sundarban National Park is a Tiger reserve situated in the Sunderbans delta of West Bengal (India). The Sundarban is named after the Sundari trees which are found in bulk in this area. The park was built up as a National Park on 4th May 1984 as prior it was made as natural life heaven in 1977, assigned as the center zone of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve. It happens to be the only National Park that shares its areas and boundaries with two countries, India and Bangladesh.
Sunderban National Park is also a UNESCO World Heritage site. The Sundarbans cover 4624 sq km in India alone and along with the tiger, is home to a variety of bird, reptile and other species, including the salt-water crocodile.
Also Read: Top 5 Places to Visit In West Bengal
Wildlife In Sundarban National Park
Sundarbans that lies in the seaside deltas of the Bay of Bengal brings an uneven terrain land and huge rainfall activities. The area of the mangrove trees, the Sundarbans holds a variety of flora and enhanced faunal extents to bring a unique biological system of this Biosphere Reserve.
The natural habitat and coastal environment of this Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site is under the danger of physical calamity because of informal and unnecessary human interference.
The Sundarbans backwoods is home to more than 400 tigers. The Royal Bengal Tigers have built up an unusual liking for swimming in the saline waters, and are famous for their man-eating propensities. Tigers can be seen on the river banks sunbathing in the months of November and February.
Aside from the Royal Bengal Tiger; Fishing Cats, Leopard Cats, Macaques, Wild Boar, Indian Gray Mongoose, Fox, Jungle Cat, Flying Fox, Pangolin, Chital, are additionally found in big numbers in the Sundarbans.
Also read: Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh
Flora In Sundarban National Park
The mangrove vegetation of Sundarbans consists of 64 plant species with the ability to withstand extreme conditions and saltwater rain due to tidal activities.
In the month of April and May, the red leaves of the Genwa the crab-like red blossoms of the Kankra and the yellow blooms of Khalsi can be seen.
Places Of Interest
Sajnekhali – the spot is best known for the bird sanctuary and is the best spot to encounter accommodative offices. Tourists can discover Mango farms here and distinctive watchtowers at various zones like Sajnekhali, Sudhanyakhali, Netidhopan, Haldi and various different spots to locate the extraordinary looks at the illustrious Tigers.
Bhagbatpur Project – A crocodile reproducing ranch in the Bhagbatpur area, this spot is effectively open from Namkhanaand is a reproduction center of the biggest estuarine crocodile on the planet.
Piyali Island – the door to Sundarbans, Piyali is being created as a traveler resthouse area and is found 72 km from Kolkata, lying nearer to Sajnekhali. The Piyali River courses through the island to join the Matla River. At Piyali Island, one can enjoy nature’s walk, appreciate a boat ride, bird watching and enjoy life away from daily life for a bit.
Sundarbans National Park dwells in the southeastern edge of Indian state West Bengal and a few pieces of the Sundarbans Reserve Forest. The neighboring possessed areas of the Indian part of Sundarbans are all around associated with Kolkata by the two roadways and railroads. All the more helpfully, the capital and metro city Kolkata is all around associated with substantial urban areas of India by Road, Rail and Air. Kolkata is likewise associated with Bangkok, Singapore, Hongkong, Kathmandu and Dhaka, and so forth via air.
Hotels in the Sundarban area
For comfy residing places, different forest lodges and forest rest-houses are available at Sajnekhali, Bakkhali and Piyali to make the wildlife pleasure more watching experience.
Lodging facilities are available at Sunderban Tiger Camp in Dayapur Island, a resort sideline to the national park, and also at Sundarbans Jungle Camp on Bali Island run by the state Tourism with collaboration with locals of Bali Nature and Wildlife Conservation Society. Cost-effective lodging facilities are also available at Prakrity village resort on Jemspur.